New findings hint at diamond deposits in Antarctica

Koh-i-noor diamond

Koh-i-noor diamond (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Diamonds are forever and now there’s ice in ice, so it’s believed following the discovery of kimberlite in the Antarctic.  But, thanks to international treaty, they can not be extracted for anything other than scientific purpose.  I wonder if scientifice purpose will undergo a miraculous re-definition.

 

Ice Diamonds

Sky-diamonds hide
beneath Antarctic ice
in blue-rock kimberlite.

Of heat and pressure born
treasured for your beauty,
pleasured, flawless paragon.

Is there another Cullinan,
Agra, Hope or Koh-i-Noor,
Akbar Shah, Millennium Star?

Diamond hard,
yet, like fragile beauty, brittle
tapped down crystal line.

By four Cs defined;
the way you’re coloured, quality of cut,
your carat weight, your clarity.

Treaty protected, so it’s hoped,
beneath Antarctic ice,
chimaeric graphite allotrope.

 

 

 

 

18th December 2013 – headline from the BBC

Notes:  “New findings hint at diamond deposits in Antarctica.”  Scientists say they have discovered compelling evidence that diamonds exist in the icy mountains of Antarctica.  Diamonds are formed from pure carbon under extreme heat and pressure at depths of about 150km in the Earth’s crust.  The researchers have identified a type of rock in the permanently frozen region that is known to contain the precious stones. Volcanic eruptions bring the valuable crystals to the surface, usually preserved in a type of bluish rock called kimberlite.  The presence of kimberlite has been a clue to significant deposits of diamonds in several parts of the world, including Africa, Siberia and Australia.  Now researchers have, for the first time, found evidence of kimberlite in Antarctica through three samples found on the slopes of Mount Meredith in the northern Prince Charles Mountains.  However recovering any Antarctic mineral resources for commercial purposes is currently forbidden.  The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, added in 1991, explicitly bans any extraction activity relating to mineral resources, except for scientific purposes.

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